Cowberry is actively used in urology as a diuretic and a natural remedy against cystitis and urethritis. Its special value is that it has both antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and diuretic effects, working immediately in all major areas. Infusion of cranberries is usually prescribed in complex therapy for inflammation of the bladder and urinary tract, as well as in other situations where a pronounced diuretic effect is required against the background of the inflammatory process. Lingonberry is often included in the composition of combined medicines for cystitis.
Cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.) of the heather family (Ericaceae). The national name: lingonberry.
Description: Cowberry is an evergreen shrub with a creeping rhizome and erect, branchy stems. The leaves are elliptical, leathery, dark green on top, lighter and dull underneath, dotted with dark-brown dotted glands; hibernate under the snow. The flowers are small, they sit in short apical brushes. The berries are globose, bright red.
Composition: Leaves and shoots of cowberry contain phenolic glycosides (chief among which is arbutin), tannins, flavonoid hyperoside, etc.
Pharmacological action: The infusion of leaves and shoots of cranberries has a diuretic, demineralizing and nitrogen exchange control effect. Antibacterial, antiseptic, disinfectant, astringent, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-lardiose, capillary-strengthening effect of cranberry infusion were revealed. The weak soothing effect of cranberry leaves is known, they increase the effectiveness of antibiotics, stimulate phagocytosis and other protective forces of the body. Phytoncides of leaves suppress the growth of Staphylococcus aureus. Effective as an astringent, antidiarrheal agent.
In Russian herb cranberries is mentioned since the XVII century as an antiscorbutic agent.
Jam from cowberry with pears, apples or a quince is unusually tasty. Cowberry kvass, fruit, kissel, jelly and sung A.S. Pushkin cranberry water – excellent desserts. Pectin substances contained in berries, promote the gelling of jam from cowberry, and benzoic acid preserves it, so the jam practically does not deteriorate.
In folk medicine, berries are also used. They treat pulmonary tuberculosis, gastritis with low acidity, rheumatism. Broth of berries (mors) well helps with febrile conditions. Juice is useful at lower arterial pressure, and fresh berries relieve the condition of patients with menopausal neuroses.
Outer berry juice is used for lotions (lichen, eczema and other skin diseases).