Valerian is one of the most well-known sedatives in medicine. An infusion of her rhizomes with roots is advised to take with nervous tension, insomnia, vascular spasms and migraines. This plant contains about 100 relaxing individual substances and valuable microelements, as well as essential oil. The possibilities of valerian are not limited to sedatives. It is used for spasms of the stomach and intestines, increased nervous excitability, sleep disorders, functional disorders of the cardiovascular system. The very word comes from the Latin «valere» — «to be healthy».
Types of valerian, combined in a collection form — Valerian officinalis (Valeriana officinalis L.s.l.) Valerianaceae family (Valerianaceae).
Description: Valerian is a herbaceous perennial plant (in biennial culture) with a short vertical rhizome, covered with numerous thin cord-like roots. Stems erect, cylindrical, inside hollow; the leaves are opposite, odd-numbered, the flowers are small, white or pink in color.
Composition: Rhizomes with Valerian roots contain 3.5% essential oil, which contains bornyl isovaleric acid, isovaleric acid, borneol, etc., valepatriates, borneol esters of formic, oily and acetic acids, a number of alkaloids, glycosides, resins, tannins.
Pharmacological action: Valerian has a sedative, anticonvulsant, coronary-expanding, hypotensive effect. Has spasmolytic, choleretic and carminative properties, enhances the secretion of the glandular apparatus of the gastrointestinal tract. Stimulates the functional state of the blood coagulation system.
It has long been believed in Russia that the holy great-martyr and healer Panteleimon appointed his valerian patients to strengthen their relationship with the guardian angel.
The influence of valerian on higher nervous activity was known to doctors of ancient Greece.
Dioscorides considered valerian a means capable of controlling thoughts. Pliny attributed it to the means that arouse the thought. In the Middle Ages, it was referred to as a medicine that brings complacency, harmony and tranquility. Bees know this plant well and often visit it. 100 valerian flowers give an average of 2.8 mg of sugar in the composition of nectar, and the honey productivity of the cat grass in the second-third year of life is 250-310 kg per hectare.
Keep out of reach of cats!