For numerous medicinal properties and possibilities, a daisy is often called a symbol of plant medicine. Infusion from her flowers is drunk with gastric and intestinal diseases — gastritis, peptic ulcer, enteritis, colitis, flatulence, diarrhea. It helps to cope with spasms, reduce fermentation, fight against microbes and inflammation. In the form of microclysters, chamomile is prescribed for intestinal spasms and hemorrhoids. As rinses — with gingivitis, stomatitis, tonsillitis, pharyngitis. Due to the complex action, it works immediately and with painful symptoms, and with their cause.
Chamomile (Matricaria recutita L., Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert)) is a one-year-old herbaceous plant of the family of astroids.
Description: Chamomile is an annual herbaceous plant with a strong aromatic odor. The stem is strongly branched. Leaves are regular, double-bifurcated into linear segments. The flowers are collected in baskets with a conical hollow floret. Marginal flowers — white, reed, female; middle flowers — yellow, tubular, bisexual. Fruit is an oblong achene with 3 ribs without a tuft.
Composition: chamomile flowers contain flavonoids (apigenin), essential oil (sesquiterpenes, matricin, matrikarin), salicylic acid, carotenoids, mucus, gums, bitterness and other biologically active substances.
Pharmacological action: chamomile preparations have anti-inflammatory, spasmolytic, moderate anti-microbial, diaphoretic, carminative, soothing, analgesic properties, reduce the processes of fermentation in the intestine; increase the secretion of the digestive glands, accelerate the regeneration of the epithelium in ulcers.
According to one version, the name «chamomile» comes from the lat. matrix — the womb, as in the old days it was used for female diseases, according to another version — from the Greek words chama — earth and mellon — apple. Pliny the Elder claimed that the smell of chamomile reminds of apple, and called it an earth apple.
In Prykarpattya there was a belief that in the spring when the sun begins to warm up, snowflakes from the slopes of the mountains turn into chamomiles, and in autumn camomiles again become snowflakes.